NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12: Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles & Techniques

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12: Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles & Techniques

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12: Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles & Techniques

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry

12.1 What are hybridization states of each carbon atom in the following compounds?

12.2 Indicate the σ and π bonds in the following molecules :

12.3 Write bond line formulas for : Isopropyl alcohol, 2,3-Dimethyl butanal, Heptan-4- one.

12.4 Give the IUPAC names of the following compounds :
(a) (b) (c)(d) (e) (f) Cl2CHCH2OH

12.5 Which of the following represents the correct IUPAC name for the compounds concerned? (a) 2,2-Dimethylpentane or 2-Dimethylpentane (b) 2,4,7- Trimethyloctane or 2,5,7-Trimethyloctane (c) 2-Chloro-4-methylpentane or 4-Chloro-2-methylpentane (d) But-3-yn-1-ol

12.6 Draw formulas for the first five members of each homologous series beginning withthe following compounds. (a) H–COOH (b) CH3COCH3 (c) H–CH=CH2

12.7 Give condensed and bond line structural formulas and identify the functionalgroup(s) present, if any, for :

(a) 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane

(b) 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid

(c) Hexanedial

12.8 Identify the functional groups in the following compounds

12.9 Which of the two: O2NCH2CH2O–or CH3CH2O–is expected to be more stable and why ?

12.10 Explain why alkyl groups act as electron donors when attached to a π system.

12.11 Draw the resonance structures for the following compounds. Show the electron shift using curved-arrow notation.

12.12 What are electrophiles and nucleophiles ? Explain with examples.

12.13 Identify the reagents shown in bold in the following equations as nucleophiles or electrophiles:

12.14 Classify the following reactions in one of the reaction type studied in this unit.

12.15 What is the relationship between the members of following pairs of structures ? Are they structural or geometrical isomers or resonance contributors ?

12.16 For the following bond cleavages, use curved-arrows to show the electron flow and classify each as homolysis or heterolysis. Identify reactive intermediate produced as free radical, carbocation and carbanion.

12.17 Explain the terms Inductive and Electromeric effects. Which electron displacement effect explains the following correct orders of acidity of the carboxylic acids?

12.18 Give a brief description of the principles of the following techniques taking an example in each case.

(a) Crystallisation (b) Distillation (c) Chromatography

12.19 Describe the method, which can be used to separate two compounds with different solubilities in a solvent S.

12.20 What is the difference between distillation, distillation under reduced pressure and steam distillation ?

12.21 Discuss the chemistry of Lassaigne’s test.

12.22 Differentiate between the principle of estimation of nitrogen in an organic compound by (i) Dumas method and (ii) Kjeldahl’s method.

12.23 Discuss the principle of estimation of halogens, sulphur and phosphorus present in an organic compound.

12.24 Explain the principle of paper chromatography.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12: Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles & Techniques

error: Content is protected !!