Third Generation Computers

Third Generation Computers

The Time period of third generation was 1964-1972

The Third generation computers are marked by the use of Integrated Circuits (IC’s) in place of transistors. A single I.C has many transistors, resistors, and capacitors along with the associated circuitry. The I.C was invented by Jack Kilby. This development made computers smaller in size, reliable, and efficient. In this generation, Remote processing, Time-sharing, Real-time, Multi-programming Operating system was used. High-level language (FORTRAN-II TO IV, COBOL, PASCAL PL/1, BASIC, ALGOL-68, etc.) were
used during this generation.

The main features of Third Generation Computers are:

  • IC used
  • Lesser maintenance
  • Still costly
  • A.C needed
  • Consumed lesser electricity
  • Support high level language
  • More reliable
  • Smaller size
  • Generate less heat
  • Faster

Some computer of third generation computers were:

  • IBM-360 series
  • PDP(Personal Data Processor)
  • IBM-370/168
  • TDC-316
  • Honeywell-6000 series
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